Ginger is said to be one of the earliest known oriental spices. It is extensively used in Indian cuisine and other cuisines across the globe. The Ginger family is a tropical group and is found in abundance in the Indo-Malaysian region. Ginger export from India is, therefore, increasing rapidly for a few years. Export of Ginger from India requires health and quality norms to be followed. Ginger exports have now become a good way to earn revenue for exporters.
India produces around 385.33 thousand tons of Ginger and is one of the leading producers of ginger in the world. Export of ginger from India increased from 8,332.91 tons in 2007-08 to 35,616.35 tons in 2011-12. So the ginger exporter in India has improved their quality of products and are exporting more ginger every year.
Rio-de-Janeiro is one of the popular varieties of ginger. This variety can be identified by certain characteristics. The size of the rhizome is bold while the colour of the skin is buff. Also, Rio-de-Janeiro is pungent, known for high flavour and is less fibrous.
Thingpui is one of the varieties of ginger grown in India. This variety of ginger is pungent. The size of the rhizome of the Thingpui is said to be medium. The colour of the skin can be identified as a buff. Thingpui is less fibrous and has a high amount of flavour.
Wynad is a variety of ginger, one of the earliest known oriental spices. The size of the rhizome of Wynad is bold. The colour of the skin is buff like many other varieties of ginger. It is pungent and less fibrous.
Maran is a variety of ginger which is pungent and has a high flavour. The size of the rhizome of the Maran is said to be medium. The colour of the skin of Maran is buff. And this variety of ginger is less fibrous.
Nadia is a type of ginger which is yellowish in colour. The size of the rhizome is said to be medium to bold for the Nadia variety of Ginger. Nadia is moderately pungent and mild flavoured. It is also less fibrous compared to other varieties of Ginger.
Released in 2001, this variety of ginger is lumpy and round in shape. It is said to have bold rhizomes with three-layered compact clumps. This variety has low fibre content and is rich in Rich in oil & oleoresin.
The IISR-Mahima was released in the year 2001 and is plumpy. The areas of adoption for this variety of ginger include Kerala. This variety of ginger has bold rhizomes with fibre content. The IISR-Mahima is resistant to root-knot nematode.
IISE-Varada is good quality and a high yielding variety of Ginger. It has plumpy rhizomes and medium-sized reddish-brown scales. Farmers say that the Varada variety is tolerant to diseases and has low fibre content.